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August 19, 2022
dividerNews ArchivedividerABRII presents a new effective formulation for a plant probiotic based on native strains of Trichoderma
ABRII presents a new effective formulation for a plant probiotic based on native strains of Trichoderma
ABRII presents a new effective formulation for a plant probiotic based on native strains of Trichoderma

The technical knowledge of the production of a new probiotic (biocontrol /biofertilizer) based on native Trichoderma strains successfully entered the market. Dr. Mojgan Kowsari an assistant professor in the Microbial Biotechnology Department of ABRII and the main researcher of this technical knowledge stated that the achievement is the result of 15 years of research on 600 native Trichoderma strains.

About 2 million liters of pesticides and 4 million tons of fertilizer are consumed annually in farms, greenhouses, and gardens. Unfortunately, each person consumes about 330 grams per year of toxic chemicals. The use of chemicals will alter the natural ecosystem and disrupt the biological balance of humans, animals, plants, and microorganisms. Microorganisms that are able to establish and live in soil and plants can be used to control pathogens. It is also possible to increase the population of these beneficial organisms in the soil by changing the physical and chemical properties of the soil. This method can biologically control plant pathogens without undesirable effects.

Trichoderma is one of the most successful biocontrol agents with high antagonistic activity against many plant pathogenic fungi. Trichoderma is one of the earliest soil colonizatores that, in addition to controlling and destroying pathogens, strengthens the plant's immune system and promotes growth and expansion of the plant's root system. Formulation of this fungus will be one of the most important factors in its effectiveness. Recent achievements are the technical knowledge of the production of a new probiotic (biocontrol/biofertilizer) based on native Trichoderma strains, which has been the result of 15 years of research on 600 native Trichoderma strains, isolated from different regions of Iran. These investigations included morphological, biochemical, molecular, genetic, metagenomic, and formulation studies at greenhouse and field levels. Forecasts of global market consumption by the year 2022 have shown a growing trend for biocontrol agents to be $ 5.82 billion and for biofertilizer agents to be $ 2.31 billion. It should be noted that 60% of the market for fungal biocontrol agents is devoted to Trichoderma.

 

Economic potential and social effectiveness of achievement are as follows:

- Suitable for industrial production, adaptation to the fermentation industry, tolerance to a wide range of biocides, and application in integrated control.

- Reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers and maintain environmental health.

- Ability to compete with chemicals (Ability to perform more than chemicals, in most cases and sometimes equal to chemicals).

- Reduce 70 to 100 percent of important plant diseases in different crops.

- Increase yields by 40 to 100 percent compared to the traditional farmer methods and application of chemical pesticides in different crops.

- Rapid supply of the product after picking up and reducing product storage for a short period of the careens.

- The possibility of using this formulation in different climatic conditions and for different plants.

- Increased plant growth factors and increased survival of seedlings transferred to the field.

- Increased drought tolerance, increased root volume, and development of the vascular system of the plant.

- Reduction of polluted wastewater production and reduction of environmental degradation.

- Optimal use of agricultural waste as a culture media.

- Prevention of currency withdrawal for the preparation of toxins and fertilizers.

- Employment for the country.


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